Bunions are a common foot problem, but many people do not know how to deal with them and suffer significant pain for many years before finding a solution.




Bunions can be painful and they actually reflect a change in the bone framework at the front of the foot. They are identified by a bump that appears at the side of your big toe and seem progressive. The problem begins with the angle of the big toe slowly changing by leaning towards the other toes.  Over long periods, the angle of the toe increases, although many people do not experience pain or significant symptoms.




Most of the time problems with bunions are inherited and are due to a fault in the overall structure of the feet. Bunions themselves are not inherited, but certain types of bone structures within the feet will make an individual more or less susceptible to problems with bunions. Wearing shoes that do not fit properly can cause bunions to appear sooner and facilitate problems. Although, the shoes themselves are not the root cause of the issue, they are a factor.




Several symptoms may appear near or at the location of a bunion:



These symptoms may occur when wearing tight shoes, such as high heels or shoes that are very tight around the toes. This is why women are much more prone to having problems with bunions than men. Additionally, spending a lot of time walking, standing or on your feet may stimulate bunion symptoms and create discomfort.




In order to diagnose a problem with bunions, a podiatrist may need to take X-rays to fully determine how much change has taken place in the bone framework. Due to the progressive nature of bunions, they do not simply go away and most of the time will become worse. However, not every case is the same, some cases progress faster and some slower than others. Once a podiatrist has performed a complete examination, they will be able to prescribe a treatment plan to help your situation.





Some bunions do not require immediate treatment and only need to be monitored. In cases that do require treatment, the treatment is most often directed towards relieving pain and cannot address the change in bone structure.




Wearing the right type of shoes can be very important for managing problems with bunions. Shoes that fit properly and are comfortable are the best choice while avoiding heels and tight shoes is recommended.




Padding may be used to cover a bunion, which may provide some relief of pain and discomfort.


Change Behavior


Avoiding activities that require you to stand or stay on your feet for long periods will help prevent making bunion problems worse.




For serious cases, medication is available, which includes anti-inflammatory medication.


There is a wide variety of solutions available for bunion issues. The most important thing to remember is to consult with your podiatrist and get a proper diagnosis.