Corns and CallusesCorns and calluses occur because of excessive rubbing against an area of the foot, creating an area of thick skin. If this happens in the underneath area of the foot it is referred to as a callus, while on the toes or other areas of the foot it is referred to as a corn.
They can cause pain and irritation if they become too large and represent a danger for individuals dealing with diabetes or other serious medical issues. It is important to consult a podiatrist for proper diagnosis and treatment so you do not make an existing problem worse.
There are several causes of corns and calluses:
- Constant friction from rubbing against the inside of a shoe
- Continuous pressure on the ball of the foot due to wearing heels
- Individuals with deformities of the toes or feet may experience corns and calluses frequently
- Shoes that do not fit properly
- Irregular walking motion due to other physical problems of the legs or feet
- A thickening of the skin that may appear raised and often look similar to warts
Corn and Callus Care
Corns and calluses that are mild typically do not require treatment unless they are painful. If they are not causing a great deal of discomfort, it is usually better to leave them alone. It is a good idea to find the cause of the problem and identify a solution. If shoes are causing the problem, then you may need to change the type of shoes you are wearing or adjust the size.
Visit a Podiatrist
If you are experiencing pain or any type of problems with your feet, then you should seek the advice of a podiatrist. Many times an issue that seems minor can turn into a larger problem later on. This is particularly important for individuals with diabetes or other medical conditions who are at high risk.
A podiatrist will perform an examination, which may include X-rays and inspecting your shoes. It is important to answer all of their questions completely and thoughtfully, so they can make a proper diagnosis and help you solve the problem.
Sometimes treatment may be as simple as using padding in your shoes. Other times, a podiatrist may decide it is necessary to reduce the size of a corn or callus by shaving away some of the thick skin. If you are experiencing significant pain, cortisone injections can be used to provide relief.